Important Definitions | Mount St. Joseph University

Sexual harassment includes, but is not limited to, unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors and other verbal, electronic or physical conduct of a sexual nature.

Sexual Assault
An offense classified as a forcible or non-forcible sex offense under the uniform crime reporting system of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The terms include: Forcible Rape, Forcible Sodomy, Sexual Assault/Sexual Misconduct With An Object, Forcible Fondling, Non-Forcible Sex Offenses, Dating Violence

Sexual Violence
Sexual violence includes creating an environment that feels unsafe based on sexual messages or images. Sexual violence is a sexual act that is completed or attempted against a victim’s will or when a victim is unable to consent due to age, illness, disability, or the influence of alcohol or other drugs. The act may involve actual or threatened physical force, use of weapons, coercion, intimidation or pressure.

Crimes-Sexual Assault
“Sexual assault” means an offense classified as a forcible or non-forcible sex offense under the uniform crime reporting system of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The terms include: rape, sodomy, sexual assault/sexual misconduct with an object, fondling, non-forcible sex offenses, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking.

EFFECTIVE CONSENT
Consent is a key factor in determining sexual misconduct. Consent implies words and/ or actions that demonstrate a voluntary agreement to engage in mutually agreed upon sexual activity.

1)  Both partners must clearly communicate their willingness and permission through mutually understandable words and/or actions. Consent is a “yes” through words and/or actions, not the absence of the word “no”.

2)  Both partners need to be fully conscious and aware of their actions. A person is unable to give consent if they are asleep, drugged, intoxicated, unconscious, a minor, mentally impaired or incapacitated..

3)  Both partners must be equally free to act. The decision to be sexually intimate must be made without coercion.

 

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